Ceasefire Agreement Syria

Several attempts have been made to negotiate ceasefires during the Syrian civil war. [1] After talks in Munich, the world powers of the International Syria Support Group negotiated a ceasefire between the main warring parties. [2] On 22 February 2016, the United States and Russia proclaimed the conditions for the cessation of hostilities in Syria and declared that “the cessation of hostilities is monitored impartially and transparently and with broad media coverage.” [3] On 26 February 2016, the UN Security Council unanimously adopted Resolution 2268 calling on all parties to respect the conditions[4] of a US-Russian “cessation of hostilities” agreement. [5] The ceasefire began on 27 February 2016 at 00:00 (Damascus time). [6] The ceasefire does not include attacks on UN-designated terrorist organizations, such as the Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant and the Al-Nusra Front. [7] [8] At the end of February 2016, despite some clashes, the ceasefire was described as a halt agreement. [9] At a joint press conference after the talks, Putin said the agreement would serve as a “good basis for ending the fighting” in Idlib and “ending the suffering of the civilian population.” “The agreement is more favourable than expected to Russia and Damascus…┬ásaid former pro-Putin lawmaker Sergei Janov. Russia wins on the battlefield, and that is why it wins on the diplomatic front.┬áThe BBC`s diplomatic correspondent Jonathan Marcus says fundamental questions remain about the recent ceasefire, including the length of the ceasefire, whether Syrian government forces or Turkish troops are withdrawing to designated areas and what will happen to the large number of refugees. However, the agreements were short-lived. Since then, the Syrian armed forces and their Russian and Iranian allies have retaken the other three “de-escalation zones” from the rebels, and Assad has vowed to retake the Idlib integral. Although Mr. Erdogan tries to give the impression that he is not taking sides in most of his foreign policy affairs, the current ceasefire in Idlib is an unstable solution.